ABBOTT, G.F., Turkey in Transition (London: Edward Arnob, 1909)

ADAMS, Percy G., Travel Literature and the Evolution of the Novel (Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1983)

ADAMS, Percy G., Travellers and Travel Liars 1600-1800 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962)

ADDISON, Joseph and Richard Steele, The Spectator (1715) ed. Gregory Smith (4 vols.), rpt. (London: Dent and Sons, 1964)

AGMON, Marcy, “Defending the Upper Gulf: Turkey’s Forgotten Partnership” in Journal of Contemporary History, vol.21, no.1, January 1986, pp.81-97

AHMAD, Feroz, The Turkish Experiment in Democracy 1950-1975 (London: C. Hurst & Loupay, 1977

AHMAD, Feroz, The Young Turks: The Committee of Union and Progress in Turkish Politics 1908-1914 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969)

AKSOY, Yildiz, The Turks in Eighteenth Century English Theatre Unpub. Diss. (Erzurum: Ataturk University, 1970)

ALBINSKI, Nan Bowman, “Thomas and Peter: Society and Politics in Four British Utopian Novels” in Utopian Studies, vol. 1, 1987, pp.11-2

ALLEN, Henry Elissa, The Turkish Transformation (New York: Greenwood, 1935)

AMBLER, Eric, Journey Into Fear, (Glasgow: Fontana/Collins, 1966)

AMBLER, Eric, The Light of the Day (London: Heinemann, 1962)

AMBLER, Eric, The Mask of Dimitrios (First Pub. Hodder and Stoughton, 1939) (London:Fontana\Collins, 1966)

ANDERSON, Dorothy, Miss Irby and Her Friends (London: Hutchinson, 1966)

ARTEMEL, Suhayla, The Idea of Turkey in the Elizabethan Period and in the Early 17th Century with Special Reference to Drama Unpub. Diss. (Durham: Durham University, 1966)

AYDIN, Kamil, “Western Images of the Muslim Turks Prior to the 20th Century” in Hamdard Islamicus, vol.XVI, No.4 (Winter, 1993), pp. 103-125

BALLANTINE, James, The Life of David Roberts R.A. (Edinburgh: A&C. Black, 1866)

BARKER, Francis, ed.,Literature, Politics and Theory (London: Mathuen, 1986)

BASSNETT, Susan and Andre Lefevere, ed. Translation, History and Culture (London:Pinter Publishers, 1990)

BASSNETT, Susan, Comparative Literature: A Critical Introduction (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993)

BASSNETT, Susan, Translation Studies (London: Routledge, 1991)

BATTON, J.S., The Impact of Victorian Children's Fiction (London: [n.p.], 1981)

BECKFORD, William, The Episode of Vathek (London: Chapman and Dodd, 1924)

BEHN, Noel, “Brittania's Bull Dog” in Armchair Detective, Fall, 1984 vol.17

BELSEY, C., Critical Practice (London: Methuen, 1980)

BENNETT, Clinton, Victorian Images of Islam (London: Grey Seal Books, 1992)

BENNETT, Tony, “Texts, Readers, Reading Formations” in The Bulletin of the Midwest
Modern Language Association, vol. 16, no.1, 1983, pp. 3-17

BENNETT, Tony, “The Bond Phenomenon: Theorising a Popular Hero” in Suthern Review, Literary and Interdisciplinary, vol. 16, 2, July 1983, pp.195-225

BENNETT, Tony, Popular Fiction (London: Routledge, 1990)

BENSEN, Alice R., Rose Macaulay (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1969)

BENTLEY, Bernard P.E., “The Film as Text” in Forum: For Modern Language Studies, vol.XXXI, no.i, January 1995, pp. 1-8

BERNAL, Martin, Black Athena: The Arfoasiatic Roots of Classical Civilisation vol.I The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985 (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1987)

BHABBA, Homi K., Nation and Narration (London: Routledge, 1990)

BISBEE, Eleanor, The New Turks: Pioneers of the Republic 1920-1950 (Philedelphia: Univ. of Penssylvania press, 1951)

BORDE, Andrew, The First Booke of the Introduction of Knowledge, ed. F.J. Furnivall for the Early English Text Society (London: [n.p.], 1870)

BORGES, Jorge Luis, Atlas, trans. by. Anthony Kerrigan (England: Penguin Book, 1984)

BORGES, Jorge Luis, Seven Nights (London: Faber and Faber, 1980)

BOWLES, Paul, Their Heads Are Green (London: An Abacus Book, Peter Owen Publishers, 1990)

BRUNT, R., C. Rowan, Feminism, Culture and Politics (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1982)

BUCHAN, John, Greenmantle (London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1916)

BUCHAN, John, Prester John (London: Thomas Nelson and Sons., 1910)

BULLIET, Richard, The Tomb of the Twelfth Imam ( New York: Harper and Row, 1979)

BURIAN, Orhan, “Interest of the English in Turkey as Reflected in English Literature of the Renaissance”, in Oriens 5 (1952), pp. 209-229

BURROWS, Sir Bernard, “Turkey and Europe: The Cultural Background” in Gordon Johnson (ed), Turkey and Europe in a Cultural Context (Cambridge: Centre of Middle Eastern Studies, 1988), pp.1-8.

BURTON, Richard, Pilgrimage to Al-Madina and Meccah (London: Tylston and Edwards, 1893) (New York: Dover, 1964)

BURTON, Richard, The Book of Thousand Nights and a Night 17 vols. (London: Burton Club, 1886)

BUXTON, Charles Roden, Turkey in Revolution (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1909)

BUZARD, James, The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and the Ways to ‘Culture’ 1800-1918 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993)

BYRON, Lord, Complete Poems (Oxford: University Press, 1970)

CAHEN, Claude, Pre-Ottoman Turkey trans. J. Jones-W (London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1968)

CARNE, John, Letters From the East (London: H. Calburn, 1826)

CARR, R., The Mahumetane or Turkish Historie (London: T. Este, 1600).

CARTER, Nick, Istanbul (London: Universal pub. and Distribution Corporation, 1965)

CASSON, Lionel, Travel in the Ancient World (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1974)

CHEKREZI, C.A., Albania Past and Present (New York: 1919)

CHILDERS, Erskine, The Riddle of the Sands, Ist pub. 1903 (London: Penguin, 1952)

CHIRICO, Robert, “From Baker Street With Love: Being a Study of James Bond and His Illustrious Predecessor” in The Baker Street Journal, vol.38, no.4, December 1988, pp.199-205

CHRISTIE, Agatha, Murder on the Orient Express (London: Fontana, 1956)

CLOT, Andre, Suleiman the Magnificent (London: Saqi Books, 1992)

COATE, Anna and Polly Pattullo, Power and Prejudice: Women and Politics (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1990)

COATES, John, “Metaphor and Meaning in The Towers of Trebizond”, 80 (1987), pp 111-121

COLLINS, Jim, Uncommon Cultures: Popular Culture and Post Modernism (London: Routledge, 1989)

CROMPTON, Louis, Byron and Greek Love: Homophobia in 19th-Century England (London: Faber and Faber, 1985)

CUDDON, J.A., The Owl's Watchsong: A Study of Istanbul (London: 1960)

DALRYMPLE, William, In Xanadu: A Quest (London: Flamingo, 1990)

DANIEL, Norman, Islam and the West: The Making of an Image (Edinburgh: University Press., 1960)

DANIEL, Norman, Islam, Europe and Empire (Edinburgh: EUP, 1966)

DAVIES, Christie, “Time to Talk Turkey” in New European, Summer 1989, pp.22-24

DAVIES, David Stuart, Holmes of the Movies (London: New English Library, 1976)

DAVIS, Fanny, The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918 (Conneticut: Greenwood Press, 1986)

DAVISON, Roderic H., Turkey: A Short History 2nd. ed. (England: The Eothen Press, 1988)

DAWOOD, N.J., trans., Tales from the Thousand and One Nights (London::Book Club Associates, 1977)

DEFOE, Daniel, A Continuation of Letters Written by a Turkish Spy at Paris (London: W. Tylor, 1718)

DEGATEGNO, Paul James, The Letters Writ by a Turkish Spy and the Motif of the Foreign Observer Unpub. Diss. (Pennsylvania: State Univ., 1975)

DELISS, Clementine, “Culture...Objects...Identites...” in Exotic Europeans (London: The South Bank Centre, 1991), pp.7-16

DERRIDA, Jacques, Writing and Difference trans. Alan Bass (Chicago: University of Chocago Press, 1978)

DERRIDA, Jacques, Writing and Difference, tr. A. Bass (London: Routledge and Paul Kegan, 1978)

DICKENS, Charles,”the Roving Englishmen” in Household Words(1854-1856), IX

DIXON, John Spencer, Representations of the East in English and French Travel Writing 1798-1882 with Particular Reference to Egypt Unpub. Diss. (Warwick: University of Warwick, 1991)

DODGE, David, Talking Turkey (London: Arthur Barker, 1955 Ist pub.)

DODWELL, Christina, A Traveller on Horseback (London: Sceptre, 1988)

DOUGHTY, Charles M., Travels in Arabia Deserta (London: Cape, 1921)

DRUMMOND, Ivor, A Stench of Poppies (London: Michael Joseph, 1978)

DURING, Simon, ed., The Cultural Studies (London: Rotledge, 1993)

DYER, Gary R., “The ‘Vanity Fair’ of Nineteenth-Century England: Commerce, Women, and the East in the Ladies’ Bazaar” in Nineteenth-Century Literature, vol.46, no.2, September 1991, pp.197-222

EAGLETON, Terry, Criticism and Ideology (London: New Left Books, 1976

EAGLETON, Terry, Literary Theory: An Introduction (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983)

EAST, Andy, “The Spy in the Dark: A History of Espionage Fiction” in Arancgaus Detective, Winter, 1986 vol. 19

ECO, Umberto, The Role of the Reader: Explorations in the Semiotics of Texts (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1979)

EISENSTEIN, H., Contemporary Feminist Thought (London: Unwin, 1984)

EL-AZM, S.J., “Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse” in Khamsin, vol.8, pp.5-26

EL-DEEN, Ahmed Alam, A Critical Edition of Thomas Goffe's The Raging Tyrke, or, Baiazet the Second (1631) Unpub. Diss. (West Virginia: West Virginia Univ., 1984)

EMERY, Jane, Rose Macaulay: A Writer’s Life (London: John Murray, 1991)

EREN, Nuri, Turkey Today and Tomorrow (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1963)

FISHBURN, Evelyn and Psiche Hughes, A Dictionary of Borges (London: Duckworth, 1990)

FLEMING, Joan, Nothing Is the Number When You Die (London: Collins, 1965)

FLEMING, Joan, When I Grow Rich (London: Collins, 1962)

FLETCHER, Katy, “Evolution of the Modern American Spy Novel” in Journal of Contemporary History, vol.22, no.2, April 1987, pp.319-331

FLETCHER, Katy, “Evolution of the Modern American Spy Novel” in Journal of Contemporary History, vo.22, no.2, April 1987, pp. 319-331

FORSYTE, Charles, Diplomatic Death (Leicester: F.A. Thorpe, 1988), First Pub. (London: Cassell, 1961)

FORSYTE, Charles, Murder With Minarets (Leicester: Ulverscroft, 1990), First Pub. (London: Cassell, 1968)

FOUCAULT, Michel, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison trans. A. Sheridan (New York: Pantheon, 1977)

FOUCAULT, Michel, The Archaeology of Knowledge trans. A M. Sheridan (New York: Pantheon, 1972)

FOUCAULT, Michel, The Order of Things (London: Tavistock, 1970)

FRANCAIS, Courrier, (7 June, 1821) noted in Dimakis, La guerre de L' independance grecque vue Francaise (periode 1821-1824): Contribution a l'etude de l'opinion publique et du mouvement philhellenique en France. 1968

FROMM, Gloria G.,”Re-inscribing the Years: Virginia Woolf, Rose Macaulay, and the Critics” in Journal of Modern Literature, vol.13, no.1, March, 1986, pp. 288-306

FROMM, Gloria G., “The Worldly and Unworldly Fortunes of Rose Macaulay” in The New Criterion, vol.5, pt.2, October, 1986, pp. 38-44

FUSSELL, Paul, Abroad: British Literary Traveling Between the Wars (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980)

GATTIE, W. M., “What English People Read” in Fortnightly Review, LII (1889)

GAUTIER, Theophile, Constantinople (Paris: Charpentier, 1918)

GIBB, H.A.R., Muhammedanism Fifth ed. (New York: Oxford Univ. Press., 1962)

GIBSON, William, Newromances (London: Harper Collins, 1993)

GILMAN, Dorothy, The Amazing Mrs. Pollifax (New York: Fawcett Crest, 1970)

GIROUARD, Mark, The Return to Camelot: Chivalry and English Gentleman (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1981)

GLASER, Elton, “The Self-Reflexive Traveler: Paul Theroux on the Art of Travel and Travel Writing” in The Centennial Review, vol. 33, 1989

GLAZEBROOK, Philip, Journey to Kars (London: Penguin, 1985) (First pub. London: Viking, 1984)

GOLDSCHMIDT, Arthur JR., A Concise History of the Middle East (London: Dawson, 1979)

GOODE, Greg, “The Oriental in Crime Fiction: The Sinister Oriental” in Armchair Detective, vol.15, 1982, pp.203-218

GORDON, Colin (ed) Michel Foucault: Power/Knowledge (Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977 by Michel Foucault (New York:Pantheon Books, 1980)

GREEN, Martin, Dreams of Adventure, Deeds of Empire (London: [n.p.], 1980)

GREEN, Roger Lancelyn, “J.H. Millar reviews Kim” in Kipling: The Critical Heritage (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971)

GREEN, Roger Lancelyn, Kipling: The Critical Heritage (London: Routledge, 1971)

GREENE, Graham, A World of My Own: A Dream and Diary (London: Reinhardt Books, 1992)

GREENE, Graham, Stamboul Train (London: Penguin, 1975) (First pub. London: William Heinemann, 1932)

GREY, Edward, (ed) The Travels of Pietro della Valle (London: Hakluyt, 1892)

GUERINOT, J.V., “The Pleasures of Rose Macaulay”, in Twentieth Century Literature, 33 (Spring 1989), pp. 110-128.

HACKETT, A.P., and J.H. Burke, 80 Years of Best Sellers (London: [n.p.], 1977). Ist ed. (1967), 70 Years of Best Sellers

HALE, William, Four Centuries of Turco-British Relations in Diplomatic, Economic and Cultural Affairs (London: Eothen, 1984)

HALSBAND, Robert, ed. The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, 1708-1720 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965)

HAMALIAN, Leo and Ara Baliozian, “Hemingway in Istanbul” in Ararat, 1988 Spring vol. 29

HAMMANI, Reza and Martina Rieker, “Feminist Orientalism and Orientalist Marxism” in New Left Review, 170, 1988

HARK, Ian Rae, “Twelve Angry People: Conflicting Revelatory Strategies in Murder on the Orient Express” in Film Literature Quarterly, vol.15, no.1, 1987, pp. 37-42

HARRISON, Brian, “Underneath the Victorians” in From Victorian Studies, 10, 1966-7, pp.239-262

HART, H.C., ed.,The Works of Shakespeare: The Tragedy of Othello (London: Methuen, 1934)

HAYES, Billy and William Hoffer, Midnight Express (London: Sphere Books, 1977)

HEATH, Sidney, In the Steps of the Pilgrims (London: Rich and Cowan, 1953)

HEAWOOD, Edward, A History of Geographical Discoveries in the Sixteenth and Eighteenth Centuries (1912), rpt.(New York: Octogan Books, 1969)

HOPKINS, Joel, “An Interview With Eric Ambler” in Journal of Popular Culture 9, 1975

HOURANI, Albert, Islam in European Thought (Cambridge: University Press, 1991)

HOWARD, Harry N., The Partition of Turkey: A Diplomatic History 1913-1923 (New York: Howard Fertig, 1966)

HOY, David Couzens (ed), Foucault: A Critical Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986)

HUGO, Victor, Les Orientales in Oeuvres poetiques ed. Pierre Albouy. (Paris: Pleiade, 1964)

HUMM, M., Feminist Criticism: Women as Contemporary Critics (Sussex: Harvester, 1986)

HUREWITZ, J.C., Middle East Dilemmas ( the Background of the United States Policy) (New York: Russell and Russell, 1973)

HUSSAIN, Asaf, Robert Olson and Jamil Qureshi, Orientalism, Islam and Islamists (Vermont: Amana Books, 1984)

IMBER, Colin, The Ottoman Empire 1300-1481 (Istanbul: The Isis Press, 1990)

INALCIK, Halil, The Ottoman Empire (London: Weidenfeld and nicholson, 1973)

JENKINS, Richard, The Victorians and Ancient Greece (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1980)

JENKINSON, A.J. What Do Boys and Girls Read? (London, 1940)

JOHN, Bayle St., Turks in Europe: A Sketch of Manners and Politics in the Ottoman Empire (London: Chapman and Hall, 1853)

KABBANI, Rana, Europe's Myths of the Orient (London: Macmillan, 1986)

KABBANI, Rana, interviewed by Susan MacKenzie in The Guardian, March 27th, 1991

KABBANI, Rana, Letter to Christendom (London: Virago, 1989)

KAEL, Pauline, When the Lights Go Down (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980)

KARPAT, H. Kemal, “Presidental Address-MESA 1985: Remarks on MESA and Nation and Nationality in the Middle East” in Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, 20, 1986, pp.1-12

KEAY, John, Eccentric Travellers (London: John Murray, 1982)

KINGLAKE, Alexander, Eothen, or Traces of Travel Brought Home from the East 1st. pub. 1844 (Oxford: Oxford University Press., 1982)

KINROSS, Lord, Ataturk: The Rebirth of A Nation (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1964)

KIPLING, Rudyard, Kim (ed. With Introduction and Notes by Edward W. Said) (London: Penguin Books, 1987)

KIRKBRIDE, Sir A.S., Crackle of Thorns: Experiences in the Middle East (London: John Murray, 1956)

KNEPPER, Marty S., “Agatha Christie: Feminist” in Armchair Detective, vol.16, no.4, 1983, pp.398-406

KNOLLES, Richard, General History of the Turks Fifth Ed. (London: A. Islip, 1638)

KOPRULU, M. Fuat, A Study of His Contribution to Cultural Reform in Modern Turkey (Istanbul: Redhouse Press, 1974)

KRISTEVA, Julia, “A Question of Subjectivity - An Interview” in Women’s Review, no. 12, 1986, pp. 19-21

KUSHNER, David, The Rise of Turkish Nationalism (London: Frank Cass, 1977)

LAMARTINE, Alphonse Marie Lousie de, Vues, discours et articles sur la question d'orient (Paris: Gasselin, 1840)

LANE, Edward Wiliam, An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians (!836) (London: Ward Lock, 1890)

LEFEVERE, Andre, “Why Waste Our Time on Rewriter? The Trouble with Interpretation and the Role of Rewriting in an ‘Alternative Paradigm’” in The Manipulation of Literature: Studies in Literary Translation ed. Theo Hermans (London: Croom Helm, 1985)

LEWIS, Bernard, “Some English Travellers in the East” in Middle Eastern Studies 4, 1967-8

LEWIS, Bernard, Islam in History (London: I.B. Tauris, 1991)

LEWIS, Bernard, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (London: Oxford Univ. Press. 1961)

LEWIS, Geoffrey, Modern Turkey (London: Ernest Benn. 1974)

LEWIS, Raphael, Everyday Life in Ottoman Turkey (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1971)

LIDDELL, Robert, Byzantium and Istanbul (London: 1956)

LOTI, Pierre, “La Femme Turque” in Quelques aspects du vertige mondial (Paris: Ernest
Flammarion, 1917)

Lucian, True Story (or True History), in Lucian Selected Works, trans. Bryon P. Reardon (New York: Bobbs-Merril, 1965)

LUKE, Sir Harry, The Making of Modern Turkey (London: Macmillan, 1936)

MACAULAY Rose, Pleasures of Ruins (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1953)

MACAULAY, Rose, The Towers of Trebizond (London: Flamingo, 1990) (First pub. London:
William Collins, 1956)

MacKENZIE, John, (ed) Propaganda and Empire (Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press, 1984

MACLAGAN, Michael, The City of Constantinople (London: Thames and Hudson, 1968)

MANGO, Andrew “The State of Turkey” in Middle Eastern Studies, 13, 1977, pp. 260-274

MANGO, Andrew, “European Dimensions” in Middle Eastern Studies, vol.28, no.2, April 1992, pp.397-439

MANGO, Andrew, “Understanding Turkey” in Middle Eastern Studies, 18, 1982, pp. 195-213

MANGO, Andrew, Turkey (London: Thames and Hudson, 1968)

MANI, Lata and Ruth Frankenberg, “The Challange of Orientalism” in Economy and Society, vol.14, no.2, May 1985, pp.175-192

MARANA, Giovanni, “To the Reader”, Letters Writ by a Turkish Spy (London: A. Wilde, 1748)

MARCUS, Steven, The Other Victorians (London: Wiedenfeld and Nicholson, 1966)

MARLOWE, Christopher, The Jew of Malta (1588), ed. Richard W. Van Fossen (London: Edward Arnold, 1965)

MARTIN, Basil Kingsley, The Triumph of Lord Palmerston: A Study of Public Opinions in England before the Crimean War (London: Allen and Unwin, 1924)

MARTIN, Catherine Gimelli, “Orientalism and the Ethnographer: Said, Herodotus, and the Discourse of Alterity” in Criticism, vol.XXXII, no.4, Fall 1990, pp.511-529

MARTINOVITCH, Nicholas N., The Turkish Theatre (New York: Benjamin Blom, 1968)

MERRY, B., The Anatomy of the Spy Thriller (Dublin: [n.p.], 1977)

MEYER, Eric, “‘I Know Thee not, I Loathe Thy Race’: Romantic Orientalism in the Eye of the Other” in EHL, vol.58, no.3, Fall 1991, pp.657-699

MILLER, Dean A., Imperial Constantinople (London: John Wiley, 1969)

MILLER, William, The Ottoman Empire and Its Successors 1801-1927 (London: Frank Cass. 1966)

MILLS, Sara, Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism (London: Routledge, 1991)

MONTAGU, Lady Mary Wortley, The Complete Letters (1763) ed. R. Halsband, 3 vols. (Oxford:University Press, 1965)

MONTESQUIEU, Charles de Secondat Baron de, Persian Letters, trans by John Ozell in two volumes (London: Garland Publishing, 1972)

MOORE, Thomas, Lalla Rookh: An Oriental Tale (London: Hurst, 1817)

MORAN, Berna, The Bibliography of the English Publications About the Turks from the !5th Century to the 18th Century (Istanbul: Istanbul Univ. Press.,1964)

MORRIS, Jan, “Introduction” in Merry Lee Settle, Turkish Reflections (New York: Prentice Hall, 1991)

MORRIS, Jan, Among the Cities (London: Penguin, 1986)

“The Near East” in British Documents on the Origins of the War, vol. V (London: His Majesty's Stationary Office, 1928)

NEILSON, Keith, “Dennis Wheatley” in Supernatural Fiction Writers (New York: Scribners, 1985)

NERVAL, Gerard de, Voyage en Orient in Oeuvres ed. Albert Begein and Jean Riches (Paris: Gallimard, 1961)

NEWBY, Eric, On the Shores of the Mediterranean (London: Picador, 1985) (First pub. London: Harvill Press, 1984)

NEWMAN, Bernard, Turkey and the Turks (London: Herbert Jenkins, 1968)

NICHOLLS, Bill, (ed) Movies and Methods, vol.I (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976)

NOCLIN, Linda, “The Imaginary Orient” in Art in America, vol. 71, pt.5, 1983

NORDLINGER, Neal, “The Making of Midnight Express” in Filmmakers Monthly, November,1978, vol.XII\1

OZBUDUN, Ergun, ed. Perspectives on Democracy in Turkey (Ankara: Sevinc Matbaasi, 1988)

PAGE, Norman, ed. Byron: Interviews and Recollections (London: Macmillan, 1985)

PAMUK, Sevket, The Ottoman Empire and European Capitalism 1820-1913 (Cambridge: University Press, 1987)

PARLA, Jale, The Eastern Question and the Fortunes of the Turkish Myth in England and France Unpub. Diss. (Massachusetts: Harvard Univ. Press, 1978)

PASSOS, John Dos, Orient Express (New York: Jonathan Cape and Harrison Smith, 1922)

PEARSON, John, The Life of Ian Fleming (London: Coronet Books, 1989)

PENZER, N.M., The Harem Revised ed. (London: 1966)

PHELAN, Nancy, Welcome to the Wayfarer (London: Macmillan, 1965)

PRATT, Mary Louise, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation (London: Routledge, 1992)

PRESCOTT, Orville, “Review of The Towers of Trebizond” in New York Times, April 10, 1957, p.31

PROKOSCH, Frederic, The Asiatics, Ist pub. 1935 (London: Robin Clark, 1991)

PROTHERO, Rowland, ed. Byron's Works: Letters and Journals (London: John Murray, 1902)

PURYEAR, Vernon J., International Economics and Diplomacy in the Near East, 1834-1852 (California: Archon, 1969), pp. 108-133

QUIGLEY, Isabel, “The Review of The Towers of Trebizond” in Spectator, 7 September, 1956, pp. 331-2

RAHIMIEH, Nasrin, “Orientalism Revised” in Canadian Review of Comparative Literature, vol.XVI, no.1/2, March-June 1989, pp.155-160

RAPHAEL, Frederic, “Empire Building” in The Sunday Times (5 December, 1993)

RATHBONE, Julian, Diamonds Bid (London: Joseph, 1967; New York: Walker, 1967

RATHBONE, Julian, Hand Out (London: Joseph, 1968, New York: Walker, 1968)

RATHBONE, Julian, Kill Cure (London: Joseph, 1975; New York: St. Martin's Press., 1975)

RATHBONE, Julian, Pandora Option (London: Mandarin, 1991)

RATHBONE, Julian, Trip Trap (London: Joseph, 1972; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1972)

RATHBONE, Julian, With My Knives I Know I'm Good (London: Joseph, 1969; New York: Putham, 1970)

“Review of The Towers of Trebizond” in New Yorkers, June 1, 1957, vol. 33, pp. 116-7

RICE, David Talbot, Constantinople: Byzantium - Istanbul (London: 1965)

RICE, Philip and Patricia Waugh, eds., Modern Literary Theory (London: Edward Arnold, 1989)

RICHARDS, Jeffrey, Imperialism and Juvenile Literature (Manchester: Manchester Univ. Press, 1989

RISMAWI, George K. Rismawi, Oriental Elements in English Romantic Poetry: Shelley and Byron Unpub. Diss. (Buffalo: State University of New York, 1983)

ROBBINS, Bruce, “Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism: A Symposium” in Social Text, Fall 1994, pp. 1-37

ROBINSON, Richard D., The First Turkish Republic (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Univ. press. 1963)

ROBY, Kinley E., Rudyard Kipling (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1982)

ROLO, Charles, “Review of The Towers of Trebizond” in Atlantic Monthly, vol.199, June, 1957, p.97

ROSENTHAL, Donald A., Orientalism, the Near East in French Painting (1800-1880) (New York: Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester,1982)

ROSENTHAL, Irwin I.J., Islam in the Modern National State (Cambridge: University Press, 1965)

RYCAUT, P., The Present State of the Ottoman Empire, rpt.(New York: Arno Press, 1971)

SAID, Edward W., “Figures, Configurations, Transfigurations” in Race and Class, vol.32, no.1, 1990, pp.1-16

SAID, Edward W., “Foucault and the Imagination of Power” in Foucault: A Critical Reader ed. David Couzens Hoy (Oxford: Blacwell, 1986)

SAID, Edward W., “Narrative, Geography and Interpretation” in New Left Review, 180, March-April 1990, pp.81-97

SAID, Edward W., “The Discourse of the Orient” in Literature in the Modern World, ed. Dennis Walder (Oxford: University Press,1990)

SAID, Edward W., Culture and Imperialism (London: Chatto and Windus, 1993)

SAID, Edward W., Orientalism (London: Penguin, 1985)

SAID, Edward W., The World, the Text and the Critic (London: Faber, 1984)

SAID, Edward, W., “Opponents, Audiences, Constituencies and Community” in Post Modern Culture ed. Hal Foster (London: Pluto Press, 1985), pp. 135-151; 153-6

SALTER, Cedric, Introducing Turkey (London: Methuen, 1961)

SANFORD, W.B.,ed. The Travels of Lord Charlemont in Greece and Turkey (London: Trigraph, 1984)

SAUERBERG, Lars Ole, “Literature in Figures: An Essay on Popularity of Thrillers” in Orbis Litterarum, 1983 vol. 38

SAVAGE, Allen, Ottoman (London: Futura Publications, 1991)

SCHAUB, Uta Liebmann, “Foucault’s Oriental Subtext” in PMLA, vol.104,no.3, May 1989, pp.307-316

SENGUPTA, Mahasweta, “Translation, Colonialism and Poetics: Rabindranath Tagore in Two Worlds” in Susan Bassnett and Andre Lefevere, ed. Translation, History and Culture (London:Pinter Publishers, 1990)

SETTLE, Mary Lee, Turkish Reflections (New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1991)

SHAW, Stanford J and William R. Polk, Studies on the Civilization of Islam (Boston: Beacon Press, 1962)

SHAW, Stanford J. and Ezel Kural Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey vol.II (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. 1977)

SHELLEY, P.B., Hellas (London: Preface)

SHEPHARD, Simon, Marlowe and the Politics of Elizabethan Theatre (London: the Harvester Press, 1986)

SHERRY, Norman, The Life of Graham Greene (1904-1939) vol.1 (London: Jonathan Cape, 1989)

SHIPMAN, D., The Story of Cinema, vol.I (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1984)

SHOWALTER, Elaine, “Towards a Feminist Poetics” in Modern Literary Theory ed Philip Rice and Patricia Waugh (London: Edward Arnold, 1989), pp. 92-102

SHOWALTER, Elaine, A Literature of Their Own (London: Virago, 1978)

SIGEL, Efrem, The Kermanshah Transfer (New York: Macmilan, 1973)

SIMON, Reeva S., The Middle East in Crime Fiction (New York: Lilian Barber Press, 1989)

SMITH, Constance Babington, ed. Last Letters to a Friend from Rose Macaulay (London: Collins, 1962)

SMITH, Constance Babington, ed. Letters to a Sister from Rose Macaulay, (London: Collins, 1964)

SMITH, Constance Babington, Rose Macaulay (London: Collins, 1972)
Spectator, 50 (April 27, 1711), pp. 150-2

SPIELMANN, Marion H., ed Contributions of W.M. Thackeray to Punch from 1843 to 48 (London: Harper and Brothers, 1899)

STANFORDE, R., A Geographical and Anthological Description of All the Empires and Kingdoms (London: Simon Waterson, 1607)

STERLING, Claire, The Terror Network (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1981)

STEVENS, Mary Anne, “Western Art and its Encounter with the Islamic World” in The Orientalists: Delocroix to Matisse (London: Royal Academy and Wiedenfeld and Nicholson,
1984) pp. 17-18.

STEVENS, Mary Anne, ed., The Orientalists: Delocroix to Matisse, European Painters in North Africa and the Near East (London: Royal Academy of Arts, in Association with Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1984)

STEVENS, Thomas, Around the World on A Penny-Farthing (London: Arrow Books, 1991), first published by Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington as Arount the World on a Bicycle, 1888.

STEWART, Douglas, The Ark of God (London: The Carey Kingsgate Press, 1961)

STICKNEY, Miss Edith P., Southern Albania or Northern Epirus in European International Affairs 1912-1923 (Stanford Univ. Press, 1926)

STILES, Andrina, The Ottoman Empire 1450-1700 (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1989)

STONE, Frank A., The Rub of Cultures in Modern Turkey (Indiana: University Press, 1973)

STREET, Brian V., The Savage in Literature (London: Routledge and Paul Kegan, 1975)

SZLYLIOWICZ, Irene L., Pierre Loti and the Oriental Woman (London: Macmillan, 1988)

TARVER, Linda J., “In Wisdom’s House: T.E. Lawrance in the Near East” in Journal Contemporary Hostory, vol.13, no.3, July 1978, pp.585-607

TERAOKA, Arlene Akiko, “Talking ‘Turk’: On Narrative Strategies and Cultural Stereotypes” in New German Critique, no.46 (Winter, 1989), pp. 105-128
The Captain, 19, 1908
The Turkish Spy and His Secret Pact with the Ottoman Court. Discovered in Paris in the Reign of the Great Louis, the Year 1683, First vol. trans. from the Italian. Noted in William H. McBurney, "the Authorship of the Turkish Spy," PMLA, 72, 1957, pp. 915-35.

THEROUX, Paul, Sunrise With Seamonsters, Ist pub. 1985 (London:Penguin, 1986)

THEROUX, Paul, The Great Railway Bazaar (London: Penguin, 1977) (first pub. New York: Ballantine, 1975)

TOMLIN, E.W.F., Life in Modern Turkey (London: Thomas Nelson and Sons., 1st pub. 1946)

TOYNBEE, A.J., Turkey: A Past and a Future (New York: George H. Doran Company, 1917)

TUCKER, Joseph, “The Turkish Spy and its French Background” in Revue de Litterature Comparee, 32, 1958, pp. 74-91

TUNAYA, T.S., Turkiye'de Siyasi Partiler (Political Parties in Turkey) (Istanbul, 1952)
Turkey and the European Community (Belgium: Mappamundi Knokke, 1991)

TYLER, W.T. “Letter From S.J. Hamrick” (pseudonym W.T. Tyler),30 October, 1984

“U.N. Press Section, Office of Public Information, Press Release” SOC/NAR/199, July 21, 1976 in Washington Post (July 5, 1976).

UNSWORTH, Barry, Pascali's Island (London: Penguin, 1980)

VALLE, Pietro Della, The Travels of Pietro Della Valle ed. Edward Gray (London: Hakluyt
Society, 1892)

VERRIER, Michelle, The Orientalists (London: Academy Editions, 1979)

VUCINICH, Wayne S., The Ottoman Empire: Its Record and Legacy (London: Penguin, 1986)

WANN, Louis, “The Oriental in Elizabethan Drama”, in Modern Philology XII (January, 1915), pp.163-187

WANN, Louis, “The Oriental in Restoration Drama”, in The University of Wisconsin Studies in Language and Literature 2 (Madison, 1918), pp. 163-186

War Speeches by British Ministers,1914-1916 (London: 1917)

WARBURTON, Eliot, The Crescent and Cross, or Romance and Realities of Near Eastern Travel (New York: Wiley and Putnam, 1845)

WASTI, Syed Tanvir, “Two Muslim Travelogues: To and From Istanbul” in Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 27, no.3, July 1991, pp. 457-476

WEBB, Timothy, English Romantic Hellenism 1700-1824 (Manchester: University Press, 1982)

WHEATCROFT, Andrew, The Ottomans (London: Viking, 1993)

WHEATLEY, Dennis, The Eunuch of Stamboul (London: Arrow Books, 1960) (first pub. London: Hutchinson, 1935)

WHITNEY, A. Phyllis, Black Amber (London: Robert Hale, 1965)

WILDING, Peter, Adventures in the Eighteenth Century (New York: Putnam's, 1937)

WILIAMS, Raymond, “Advertising: the Magic System” in the Cultural Studies: Reader ed. Simon During (London: Routledge, 1993), pp. 320-36

WILLIAMS, Raymond, Sociology of Culture (London: Fontana Paperback, 1982)

WILSON, Angus, The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling (London: Secker and Walburg, 1977)

WILSON, Edmund, “The Kipling That Nobody Read” in The Wound and the Bow (Oxford: Oxford Univ. press, 1947)

WILSON, Edmund, Rudyard Kipling's Kim ed. Harold Bloom (New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987)

WILSON, M. Daniel, “Turks on the Eighteenth-Century Operatic Stage and European Political, Military and Cultural History” in Eighteenth Century Life, 1985, vol.2, pp.79-92

WOOD, A.C., A History of the Levant Company (London: Oxford University Press, 1935)

WOOD, H.J., Exploration and Discovery (London: Arrow Books, 1951)

YALE, M.E., The Making of the Modern Near East (London: Longman, 1987)